Wednesday, January 25, 2017

Sam Harris and Jordan Peterson Podcast Glossary


Glossary of terms used in the podcast of Sam Harris and Jordan Peterson. 

The terms are ordered by the time they occurred, earliest to latest. They helped me follow the discussion since I didn't have to look up every other word.
  1. Bill C-16 - An Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code
  2. Gender Identity - a person's perception of having a particular gender, which may or may not correspond with their birth sex
  3. Gender Expression - the way in which a person expresses their gender identity, typically through their appearance, dress, and behavior
  4. Preferred pronouns - A gender neutral or gender inclusive pronoun is a pronoun which does not associate a gender with the individual who is being discussed.
  5. Gender as a social construct - According to this view, society and culture create gender roles, and these roles are prescribed as ideal or appropriate behavior for a person of that specific gender
  6. Non-binary - not male or female
  7. Neo-marxist - forms of political philosophy that arise from the adaptation of Marxist thought to accommodate or confront modern issues such as the global economy, the capitalist welfare state, and the stability of liberal democracies
  8. Unconscious bias - bias that we are unaware of and bias that happens outside of our control
  9. Post-modernist - departure from modernism and has at its heart a general distrust of grand theories and ideologies as well as a problematical relationship with any notion of “art.”
    1. Modernism - a style or movement in the arts that aims to break with classical and traditional forms
  10. E.O Wilson - "father of social biology" - attacked for his beliefs after he published a book on the topic. See link.
  11. Pernicious - having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way
  12. Nihilism - the rejection of all religious and moral principles
  13. Materialistic rationalism -Materialism is that matter is the primary reality and rationalism is the rational mind (or thinking) over your senses/feelings. 
  14. Spirtual - transforming yourself (?) I linked to Sam's blog but still couldn't figure it out.
  15. Darwinian - relating to Darwinism
    1. Darwinism is a theory of biological evolution developed by Charles Darwin
  16. Humes - David Hume. Best known today for his highly influential system of radical philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism
  17. 'And is and an ought' - Hume found that there seems to be a significant difference between positive statements (about what is) and prescriptive or normative statements (about what ought to be), and that it is not obvious how one can coherently move from descriptive statements to prescriptive ones
  18. Newtonian - formulated or behaving according to the principles of classical physics
  19. Pragmatist - dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations. (They differed on this definition.)
  20. Proposition - A statement of assertion
  21. Realism - the attitude or practice of accepting a situation as it is and being prepared to deal with it accordingly.
  22. Moral Realism - meta-ethical view that there exist such things as moral facts and moral values, and that these are objective and independent of our perception of them or our beliefs, feelings or other attitudes towards them
  23. Consciousness - the state of being awake and aware of one's surroundings
    1. the awareness or perception of something by a person
    2. the fact of awareness by the mind of itself and the world
  24. Metaphysics - philosophy that deals with the first principles of things, including abstract concepts such as being, knowing, substance, cause, identity, time, and space.
    1. Abstract theory or talk that has no basis in reality
  25. Truth - (The link goes to Stanford which I think captures parts of both their arguments on Truth) 
  26. Epistemology - the theory of knowledge
  27. Nietzsche on truth -  suggested that an ancient, metaphysical belief in the divinity of Truth lies at the heart of and has served as the foundation for the entire subsequent Western intellectual tradition: "But you will have gathered what I am getting at, namely, that it is still a metaphysical faith on which our faith in science rests--that even we knowers of today, we godless anti-metaphysicians still take our fire too, from the flame lit by the thousand-year-old faith, the Christian faith which was also Plato's faith, that God is Truth; that Truth is 'Divine'
  28. Ontology - the branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being
    1. a set of concepts and categories in a subject area or domain that shows their properties and the relations between them
  29. Genomes - chromosomes in a microorganism
  30. Genetics - the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics
  31. Axiomatic - self-evident
  32. Presuppositions - a thing tacitly assumed beforehand at the beginning of a line of argument or course of action
  33. Truth-valuethe attribute assigned to a proposition in respect of its truth or falsehood, which in classical logic has only two possible values (true or false).
  34. Josh Green - psychologist majority of his research and writing has been concerned with moral judgment and decision-making
  35. Darwinian conception of truth - (see link which summarizes, or at least quotes, some of the points JP and SH are talking about)
  36. Richard Roty - (appeared earlier but couldn't find the name) - American philosopher.
  37. Terrestrial reality - relating to reality of earth
  38. Provisional factual of truth -  did he mean to say provisional anatomy of truth? see link
Summary: JP states scientific truth is enclosed/proved by moral truth; SH states the opposite since it doesn't allow you to establish a correct truth-value, because it could change if morals change.

I would try to score the match, but after listening to this podcast, I have to remind myself that I'm really fucking stupid. Looking forward to round 2.

Some Quotes:

  • If you keep extending rights all you do is weaken them. -JP
  • One person's rights is another person's responsibilities. -JP
  • ..an ideologically selected lexicon - JP
  • I made it concrete and put forth my objections in an articulate manner and it struck a chord with people. -JP
  • Well, ok, that's not draconian at all. - JP
  • I can't ask you to do an infinite number of things.... Asking people to learn a new list of gender pronouns and then to live in a state of vigilance to see if they apply them correctly is a positive injunction. -SH
    • Positive injunction: Affirmative injunction refers to an injunction that requires a positive act on the part of the defendant
  • Truth is a bedrock perception - SH
  • ...This goes beyond the gender pronouns.... - SH
  • It is possible to survive without truth.... - SH

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